Security cameras and surveillance systems are an essential investment in most homes, businesses, and establishments. According to data, approximately 1 billion surveillance cameras were installed globally by the end of 2021.
With an increasing demand for advanced security, the new headache among individuals investing in security cameras and surveillance systems is clean, secure, and well-hidden installation.
Installing a security camera wiring indoors and outdoors should not be a headache. Here’s a look into the types of security camera systems you can install and how you can wire them up indoors and outdoors.
The wiring installation needed for a surveillance system depends on the type of security cameras you install. Typically, you have two types. These are PoE and WiFi security cameras.
A power over ethernet (PoE) camera is a wired camera system that requires a cable for power, internet connection, and video transmission. PoE cameras use a single ethernet cable to receive power and transmit video signals or data to a network endpoint.
Cameras in a PoE setup connect to a network switch which acts as the endpoint for transmitting data and receiving power. Connecting such a camera system is easy and flexible since you’re working with only one cable per camera.
PoE security cameras are renowned for their consistency and reliability. Moreover, unlike WiFi security camera systems, they don’t face network-related issues such as signal jamming and interference.
WiFi camera systems are the most common alternative to PoE camera systems. WiFi cameras connect wirelessly to a router for data transmission. However, they still require cabling for wired power.
The wireless video transmission from WiFi camera systems can be accessed within the local WiFi network or remotely through software or an app. Therefore, you can watch the surveillance footage directly on built-in devices or through cloud storage.
Most WiFi cameras allow users to access other camera features, such as audio and movement data, and change the system’s settings remotely.
The necessary items you’ll need for wiring your security cameras will depend on the type of security camera you’re using. For all installations, you’ll need a drill and fish tape. However, depending on the type of security camera, you’ll also need the following:
If you’re running the older analog security cameras with DVR, you’ll need the following:
Before doing any form of wiring, you must determine the camera position. PoE camera systems have more flexible positioning since they don’t have to be close to a power source, unlike WiFi camera systems. That’s because the data cable also transmits power from the network switch.
Generally, you’ll follow the following guidelines when placing your camera for the best setup and results:
There are crucial areas of your home, building, or property that you’ll want monitored. These include the front doors, garage doors, back doors, and first-floor windows. The cameras should be aimed at these points with a clear view.
Security cameras have different fields of view, ranging from 45 to 180 degrees. For cameras with a smaller field of view, ranging 45 to 75 degrees, place them facing a door or the driveway in front of the garage.
Place the cameras with a wider range of view, ranging from 75 to 180 degrees, in locations where such a wide field of view is necessary, such as corners outside the building. Ensure the spot has the least obstructions to take advantage of the large field of view.
Having the camera placed at least 9 feet from the ground will deter even tall criminals, about 6 feet tall, from easily tampering with the system, including messing up the wiring. The camera should still be visible to anyone approaching your business, home, or property to deter intruders and criminals.
Installing security cameras inside the house is easier than outside. It takes the following steps to get the job done.
Outdoor security camera cabling is more complex since you have to create a detailed plan and protect the cables from harsh weather elements. Here’re the steps you can take to get the job done.
Installing security cameras can be a fun DIY job if you have the right tools. For the best results, you will need a professional to plan the wiring routes, hide the wires, and secure the wiring from human, animal, and weather interference.
Contact a professional today and get your indoor and outdoor surveillance system professionally installed.
Over to You…
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